Blackheads are unpleasant for the skin. You may not be seeing the effects of its absence; however its absence automatically boosts self confidence and increasing self love for skin’s smoothness.
Blackheads also referred to as Comado often has it way of preventing a smooth skin as there are so many pore and roughness in the facial skin due to that.
What is a Comado?
A comando is a skin pore or hair follicle, choked or clogged with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. They usually appear on the face. When the skin is closed to the bump formed it is also known as whitehead; however when the skin opens up and exposes the bump, it is known as (blackhead).
What are Blackhead?
Blackheads are the small black bumps that’s in and on the skin due to skin pores or clogged hair follicle. They are called blackheads because they appear black on the surface of the skin.
Though the basic occurring point for blackheads or open comado is the face, they can also occur at your back, on your knees, shoulders arms and neck.
Blackheads are simply mild forms of acne.
Causes of Blackheads?
There is a choke in the skin caused by dead skin cells and oils, foaming up on hair follicles or pores in the skin. We all have skin pores, however, pores are opened up or stretched to become bigger. This is caused as the pores keeps getting clocked with dead skin cells and dirt.
Factors that increase caused chances of blackheads include:
1. Irritation of hair follicles when dead skin cells don’t hare on a regular basis
2. Having an oily skin; or your body producing a lot of oil.
3. Using body and cosmetic products that are oily or contain a lot o oil.
4. Undergoing hormonal changes, that increases the production of oil by the skin, due to taking birth control pills.
5. Taking medications that contain bromides and iodides. The drug Lithium prescribed for bipolar disorder is a big factor.
6. It is also said that foods that increase blood sugar level is a major cause, it is yet to be certified though.
7. Hereditary; Blackhead causing genes in older relations can be transferable to younger relations.
Signs of Blackheads?
The major things to look out for are the black openings on the face or skin and the rough skin. It usually isn’t painful or inflamed like pimples. Due to its black and rough nature, however, it is easy to spot them.
How to prevent blackheads?
Being bent on keeping a smooth skin despite signs of open pores or skin oils is ideal and healthy for a better lifestyle.
Find below things to do to prevent blackheads.
1. Reduce Intake of Sugary foods
Sugar itself doesn’t necessarily affect skin pores, however foods high in sugars and saturated fats like fried foods, candy, ice cream among others aggravate skin conditions and readily causes skin inflammation, leading to blackheads or acne.
Excess intake of sugary products generally damages your skin.
2. Use exfoliating products
Exfoliating products are products that scrub or rub your skin. They remove dead skin cells as they work on the top layers of the skin.
Exfoliating products basically gives you clear, smooth skin.
3. Face Masks
Face masks are not entirely a major aide in preventing blackheads, however they play a role when used after the exfoliating products.
You can apply the facial mask after exfoliating your skin, maybe once or twice a week.
Facial masks; both Charcoal and Clay masks are said to pull oil and other impurities from your pores, preventing blackheads. They are also known to exfoliate, moisturize and cleanse the skin. These masks however dry out your skin as some causes rushes. It is adviced not to use them regularly.
4. Avoid Comedogenic Products
Comedogenic products cause clog in pores. A typical example is coconut oil products, they are filled with fatty acid which turns to oxidize easily. This matters because products that oxidizes easily act as a glue to dead skin cells causing choking or clogging of pores.
Virgin coconut oil is however not comedogenic, it’s high fat content means it doesn’t oxidize easily therefore doesn’t clog skin pores.
Use oil-free or noncomedogenic make-up, lotion and sunscreens to prevent getting large choked pores.
5. Cleanse and wash regularly
Since the target skin part for blackheads is the face, it is necessary to wash the face regularly. Washing your face regularly removes oil build up; however the use of facial cleansers are required.
Facial cleansers are needed because a regular wash without them can cause skin irritation. Most cleansers contain antibacterial ingredients that that kill bacteria prone to cause blackheads. Some cleansers however can cause redness or skin irritation. Settling with ones that suit the skin is bet.
Fried chips, crackers, pasta, pizza, chocolate, diary products amidst other fried foods, junk foods and sugary foods choke or clog pores. It is advisable to wash your face after you take in any of these foods.
There is also the need to wash your hair on daily basis. Oily hair products clog pores also. You can skip wash if your hair is not oily.
6. Don’t leave your make-up overnight
Make-up foundations are thick and usually oil based. If you sleep in them, they usually prevent the skin from renewing at night causing increased clogged pores and acne.
Sleeping in make-up one night is not entirely harmful. However, as you keep sleep with make-up on, there is unnecessary radicals in the environment the make-up will capture and hold on to these cause the breakdown of healthy collagen.
Make-up in general should be washed off before bed time, no matter how tired you are, to prevent enlarged and choked pores resulting in blackheads or acne.
Way to Get Rid of Blackheads
There are a lot of remedies out there available to help you get your smooth skin back or your skin back on track.
Remedies include both natural and artificial ones. Some remedies may not suit your skin whilst others will.
It is advisable to seek help and analyze which ones best suit your skin. Some products can cause skin rash on you but could be the perfect one for someone else.
Avoid product that irritate your skin.
Let’s take a look at natural remedies to get rid of blackheads and how to apply them.
8 Home remedies to get rid of blackheads
1. Baking Soda and Water
According to Dr. Dane baking soda balances unbalanced pH level the skin may have. It also acts as an exfoliating product that removes oil, dirt and dead skin cells.
How to use Baking Soda on Blackheads
Mix two tablespoons of baking soda with two table spoons of water. You will get a paste-like texture after the mix. Massage the paste unto your face and rinse off with warm water after a short while.
Baking Soda paste solution causes dry skin, so be sure to moisturize your skin after rinsing off. Also due to the dryness effect after use, don’t use the mixture more than two to three times a week.
2. Egg Whites
Let’s take a look at Drl. Bowe’s natural face mask remedy with an egg white.
First whisk one egg white and apply to your clean skin, then put a tissue on your face as a layer, but not to your eyes and mouth. Next, apply another layer of egg white. Allow the mask to dry for about 20 minutes,then peel it off.
This is said to be the best facial skin mask for a blackhead prone skin. Don’t forget to moisturize your face.
3. Coconut Oil and sugar scrub
As stated earlier; though blackheads regularly appear on the face, there are other parts of the body that it occurs too.
Coconut Oil and Sugar scrub aides in exfoliating the skin to get rid of dead skin cells.
Mix the coconut oil with the sugar and apply it a an exfoliating product.
4. Green Tea
Though green tea has a lot of benefits including managing weight, when drank. It also is very effective on blackheads when applied on the face as a natural remedy.
Mix one tea spoon of dry green tea leaves with a tea spoon of water. Manage it unto affected area for about 3 minutes. Rinse it off afterwards; and don’t forget to moisturize after rinsing.
5. Milk and Honey
Milk and honey together helps you make an at home pore strip which is ideal for blackheads.
According to Dr. Dane, Milk has lactic acid which helps remove dead cells and oil; also honey is antibacterial.
Mixone tablespoon of whole milk with one tablespoon of organic raw honey. After mixing, microwave for about 10 seconds.
Leave to cool for a while, then apply to facial parts with the blackheads. Afterwards, place aclean cotton strip on it.
Leave mask for about 15 minutes, gently peel off the cotton mask after the time elapses. Wash and mosturize your face after removing the cotton mask.
6. Brown Sugar, Honey and Lemon Juice
A mixture of sugar, honey and lemon is ideally exfoliates blackhead on the chin and nose.
Mix together one tablespoon of brown sugar, two tablespoons of lemon and one tablespoon of raw honey.
After properly mixing the three natural ingredients, apply to your face in circular motion, gently massage for about 5 minutes.
Rinse off and moisturize your face.
7. Kasteri Turmeric Power
Tree root similar to ginger, Tumeric contains antiebacterial, antifungi and antiinflammatory properties. Due to its components or properties, Tumeric is an ideal natural remedy to remove blackheads.
How to use Kasteri Turmeric to remove blackheads
Add a table spoon of water or coconut oil to a tablespoon of Kasteri Turmeric. This gives you a paste-like texture. Apply the mixture to your face, wait for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse with water.
8. Tea Tree Oil
Tea Tree Oil is part of the components of a lot of soaps and creams, however, according to research, it aides in removing blackheads on chin and nose when applied directly to the skin.
Tea Tree Oils are extracted oils available as an essential oil for a lot of purposes
It is known as an anti-bacterial agent that helps in killing bacteria.
Other Methods for treating blackheads
Some creams/lotions, soaps and other products are already refined and sold in shops purposely for the removal of blackheads. Also there are other methods of getting rid of blackheads without necessarily treating it at home.
These methods include:
1. Blackhead Over the counter Medications
There are creams, gels and pad form medications available to be applied directly to the kin. These products are found at drug stores or grocery stores.
Ingredients in blackhead medications include cyclical acid, benzoyl peroxide, and resorption. These ingredients in these product kill bacteria, dry excess oil in the skin and causes the skin to shed dead skin cells.
2. Manual Removal:
Skin care specialist also known as dermatologists use round loop extractor; an instrument used to remove plug causing blackhead. You can have your plug causing blackheads manually removed by a dermatologist.
Just visit them at their place of work, offices or skincare centers.
3. Laser and Light Therapy:
Laser and light therapies treat blackhead without damaging the foreskin.
During these therapies, tiny beams of intense light reaches under the surface of the skin to reduce oil production and kill bacteria.
You can visit any skin therapist for deeper treatments of the skin.
4. Prescription Medication:
In case your blackheads are severe and not going away despite effort to clear them, you can visit your doctor to prescribe stronger medicines for you to clear them.
Precised drugs may contain Vitamin A, tretinoin, tazarotene, or adapalene, benzol and include antibiotics. These are effective and helpful to your skin.
5. Chemical Peel:
This is usually done by Dermatologists or skin care professionals, however people choose to do the peeling themselves if its mild.
Chemical Peel is done with a strong chemical solution applied to the skin, whereby with time the skin peels off revealing clearer, smoother skin underneath.
Chemical peel also rids the skin of clogs and dead skin cells.
Tricks to get rid of Blackheads
It is known and has been stated that some remedies may be more favorable than others and vice versa. In other words per research, some remedies work better than others.
Find below things to look out for in getting rid of blackheads
1. Choose other methods over home extraction methods
Pore strips and masks are known to remove dirt and dead cells from pores. These home methods however may remove natural elements that is helpful to the skin.
Natural Oils and hair follicles are ideal for the skin and removing them causes dryness and irritation of skin.
Skin irritation may cause more production of oil thereby causes more blackheads.
It is Ideal to see a dermatologist who will rather use extraction methods to remove the blackness from your pores. These skin care professionals use plastic or metallic tools to remove clogged blackheads without harm being done to the skin.
2. Limit the use of Benzoyl Peroxide contained in many OTC (over the counter) treatments
Most over the counter treatments for blackheads contain Benzoyl Peroxide. This added chemical is known to be ideal in acne treatment; however it is not ideal for all types of acne.
Benzoyl works mostly on inflammatory acne like pimples and cyst as it reduces swelling and kills bacteria in inflammatory acne.
Blackheads are however neither inflammatory nor created at caused by bacteria; OTC treatments with Benzoyl Peroxide are therefore not effective in treating Blackheads.
3. Use OTCs containing Salicylic acid and Benzoyl Peroxide together.
Substitute Benzoyl Peroxide products for OTC treatments that contain Salicylic acid. Saliclic acid is ideal for blackheads as it breaks down the elements that cause clogged pores, dead skin cells and excess oils. It is also an ideal make-up and dirt remover.
Cleanse your face daily with products that include Salicylic acid. It is advice that you use these cleansers once a day(preferably) before bedtime till the body adjusts.
If you get irritations or your skin negatively react to the products containing Salicylic, please stop use and try other methods of removing blackheads.
4. Trade Harsh Scrubs for Alpha and Beta Hydoxy acid(AHAs and BHAs).
Exfoliating your skin with harsh scrubs may cause redness of skin and irritation. However, the use of AHAs and BHAs takes care of clearing the skin from blackheads.
Alpha Beta and Hydoxy acid removes the top layer of the skin giving you a soft, spotless and wrinkles.
Examples of Ideal Product on the market known to work for Blackheads
1. Tata Harper
7. Clear Pore
Frequently asked questions on blackheads
1. What is the main cause of blackheads?
The main cause is excess oil production by the body
2. What are Comedones?
As stated earlier, comedones are simply clogged pores. They can be covered by the skin (whiteheads) or revealing (blackheads). Blackheads are a form of comedones.
3. What causes pores(the open spaces in the skin) to clog?
Mainly cosmetics, excess oil, dead skin cells and dirt.
4. What is the most effective method in treating blackheads?
According to the number of people who have used various forms of treatments, the simplest, easiest and best method is exfolitating.
5. What can I do to prevent clogged pores?
Always keep your skin clean and cleansed. Also choose cosmetics that are suitable for your skin type.
The absence of blackheads is surely a necessary tool to boost self confidence and proudly display the pleasure of having a smooth skin without always covering up with make-up. Proper skin health care is essential for healthy and beautiful living.